Rheinhessen is Germany's largest wine region, bordering the Rhine River on its northern and eastern sides, as well as the Haardt Mountains to the south. The region has a mild climate, with a long growing season, and relatively little rainfall compared to most other parts of the country. Its varied landscape includes rolling hills and forests, which help to protect the wine producing areas from harsher climatic influences.
The Rhine River has a substantial impact on Rheinhessen's viticulture, with the best quality grapes generally being found close to it. Around 70 percent of the region's grapes are used for white wine, with examples including Müller-Thurgau and Riesling. The most common red wine grape variety grown in the region is Dornfelder.